Hill Goldsmith

Hill Goldsmith, PhD

PhD, University of Minnesota
Mark & Ilene Laufman Family Professor
Antoine Bascom Professor & Leona Tyler Professor of Psychology

Contact Information:

Waisman Center
1500 Highland Ave
Room 573
Madison, WI 53706
Lab Website: Wisconsin Twin Research

Research Statement

The focus on our laboratories at the Waisman Center and with the Psychology Department is temperament and emotional development, with emphasis on the behavioral challenges of childhood. Our research brings together elements of the traditional fields of developmental psychology, psychopathology, psychometrics, neuroscience, and genetics. We study infants, young children, and their families, and many of our study population are twins. Typical longitudinal studies include laboratory-based assessment of infant emotional reactivity, study of the emotional atmosphere of the home, and analysis of genes, neuroimaging and endocrine measures. Among other topics, current studies address (1) the RDoC conceptualization of psychopathology; (2) motoric and sensory issues during development; (3) temperament as both a facet of typical emotional development and a risk factor for disorders; and (4) genetic epidemiology of a range of childhood disorders.

Representative Publications

Brooker RJ, Canen MJ, Davidson RJ, Hill Goldsmith H. (2017) Short- and long-term stability of alpha asymmetry in infants: Baseline and affective measures. Psychophysiology. 54(8):1100-1109. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12866.

Van Hulle CA, Clifford S, Moore MN, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2017) Partial replication of two rumination-related candidate gene studies. Cognition & Emotion. 31(5):963-971. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2016.1168779.

Adluru N, Luo Z, Van Hulle CA, Schoen AJ, Davidson RJ, Alexander AL, Goldsmith HH. (2017) Anxiety-related experience-dependent white matter structural differences in adolescence: A monozygotic twin difference approach. Scientific Reports. 18;7(1):8749. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-08107-6.

Planalp EM, Van Hulle C, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2017) Genetic and Environmental Contributions to the Development of Positive Affect in Infancy. Emotion. 17(3):412-420. doi: 10.1037/emo0000238.

Van Hulle CA, Lemery-Chalfant K, Hill Goldsmith H. (2017) Parent-Offspring Transmission of Internalizing and Sensory over-Responsivity Symptoms in Adolescence. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology. In Press.

Van Hulle CA, Moore MN, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH, Brooker RJ. (2017) Infant stranger fear trajectories predict anxious behaviors and diurnal cortisol rhythm during childhood. Development and Psychopathology. 29(3):1119-1130. doi: 10.1017/S0954579417000311.

Dean DC 3rd, Planalp EM, Wooten W, Adluru N, Kecskemeti SR, Frye C, Schmidt CK, Schmidt NL, Styner MA, Goldsmith HH, Davidson RJ, Alexander A. (2017) Mapping White Matter Microstructure in the One Month Human Brain. Scientific Reports. 29;7(1):9759. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-09915-6.

Lundwall RA, Dannemiller JL, Goldsmith HH. (2017) Genetic associations with reflexive visual attention in infancy and childhood. Developmental Science. 20(3). doi: 10.1111/desc.12371.

Planalp EM, Van Hulle C, Gagne JR, Goldsmith HH. (2017) The Infant Version of the Laboratory Temperament Assessment Battery (Lab-TAB): Measurement Properties and Implications for Concepts of Temperament. Frontiers in Psychology. 24;8:846. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00846.

Gagne JR, O'Sullivan DL, Schmidt NL, Spann CA, Goldsmith HH. (2017) The Shared Etiology of Attentional Control and Anxiety: An Adolescent Twin Study. Journal of Research on Adolescence. 27(1):122-138. doi: 10.1111/jora.12260.

Scott BG, Lemery-Chalfant K, Clifford S, Tein JY, Stoll R, Goldsmith HH. (2016) A Twin Factor Mixture Modeling Approach to Childhood Temperament: Differential Heritability. Child Development. 87(6):1940-1955. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12561.

Sarkisian K, Van Hulle C, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2016) Childhood inhibitory control and adolescent impulsivity and novelty seeking as differential predictors of relational and overt aggression. Journal of Research in Personality. 67:144-150. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2016.07.011.

Brooker RJ, Davidson RJ, Goldsmith HH. (2016) Maternal negative affect during infancy is linked to disrupted patterns of diurnal cortisol and alpha asymmetry across contexts during childhood. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 142:274-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jecp.2015.08.011.

Burghy CA, Fox ME, Cornejo MD, Stodola DE, Sommerfeldt SL, Westbrook CA, Van Hulle C, Schmidt NL, Goldsmith HH, Davidson RJ, Birn RM. (2016) Experience-Driven Differences in Childhood Cortisol Predict Affect-Relevant Brain Function and Coping in Adolescent Monozygotic Twins. Scientific Reports . 22;6:37081. doi: 10.1038/srep37081.

Brooker RJ, Phelps RA, Davidson RJ, Goldsmith HH. (2016) Context differences in delta beta coupling are associated with neuroendocrine reactivity in infants. Developmental Psychobiology. 58(3):406-18. doi: 10.1002/dev.21381.

Van Hulle C, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2015) Trajectories of Sensory Over-Responsivity from Early to Middle Childhood: Birth and Temperament Risk Factors. PLoS One. 24;10(6):e0129968. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129968.

Clifford S, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2015) The Unique and Shared Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Fear, Anger, and Sadness in Childhood. Child Development. 86(5):1538-56. doi: 10.1111/cdev.12394.

Eggum-Wilkens ND, Lemery-Chalfant K, Aksan N, Goldsmith HH. (2015) Self-Conscious Shyness: Growth during Toddlerhood, Strong Role of Genetics, and No Prediction from Fearful Shyness. Infancy. 20(2):160-188.

Van Hulle CA, Moore MN, Shirtcliff EA, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2015) Genetic and Environmental Contributions to Covariation Between DHEA and Testosterone in Adolescent Twins. Behavioral Genetics. 45(3):324-40. doi: 10.1007/s10519-015-9709-7.

Brooker RJ, Buss KA, Lemery-Chalfant K, Aksan N, Davidson RJ, Goldsmith HH. (2014) Profiles of observed infant anger predict preschool behavior problems: Moderation by life stress. Developmental Psychology. 50(10):2343-52.

Vendlinski MK, Javaras KN, Van Hulle CA, Lemery-Chalfant K, Maier R, Davidson RJ, Goldsmith HH. (2014) Relative influence of genetics and shared environment on child mental health symptoms depends on comorbidity. PLoS One. 31;9(7):e103080.

Moore MN, Salk RH, Van Hulle CA, Abramson LY, Hyde JS, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2013) Genetic and Environmental Influences on Rumination, Distraction, and Depressed Mood in Adolescence. Clinical Psychological Science. Jul 1;1(3):316-322.

Lemery-Chalfant K, Kao K, Swann G, Goldsmith HH. (2013) Childhood temperament: passive gene-environment correlation, gene-environment interaction, and the hidden importance of the family environment. Development and Psychopathology. Feb;25(1):51-63.

Gagne JR, Miller MM, Goldsmith HH. (2013) Early-but modest-gender differences in focal aspects of childhood temperament. Personality and Individual Differences. 55(2):95-100.

Brooker RJ, Buss KA, Lemery-Chalfant K, Aksan N, Davidson RJ, & Goldsmith HH. (2013) The development of stranger fear in infancy and toddlerhood: Normative development, individual differences, antecedents, and outcomes. Developmental Science. 16(6):864-78.

Schmidt NL, Van Hulle CA, Brooker RJ, Meyer LR, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2013) Wisconsin Twin Research: early development, childhood psychopathology, autism, and sensory over-responsivity. Twin Research and Human Genetics. Feb;16(1):376-84.

Van Hulle CA, Schmidt NL, Goldsmith HH. (2012) Is sensory over-responsivity distinguishable from childhood behavior problems? A phenotypic and genetic analysis. The Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry. Jan;53(1):64-72.

Van Hulle CA, Shirtcliff EA, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2012) Genetic and environmental influences on individual differences in cortisol level and circadian rhythm in middle childhood. Hormones and Behavior. Horm Behav. 2012 Jun;62(1):36-42.

Gagne JR, Goldsmith HH. (2011) A longitudinal analysis of anger and inhibitory control in twins from 12 to 36 months of age. Developmental Science. Jan;14(1):112-24.

Gagne JR, Van Hulle CA, Aksan N, Essex MJ, Goldsmith HH. (2011) Deriving childhood temperament measures from emotion-eliciting behavioral episodes: scale construction and initial validation. Psychological Assessment. Jun;23(2):337-53.

Keuler MM, Schmidt NL, Van Hulle CA, Lemery-Chalfant K, Goldsmith HH. (2011) Sensory overresponsivity: prenatal risk factors and temperamental contributions. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics. Sep;32(7):533-41.

Volbrecht MM, Goldsmith HH. (2010) Early temperamental and family predictors of shyness and anxiety. Developmental Psychology. Sep;46(5):1192-205.