How does the compassionate brain, measured in the lab, predict what occurs in real life?

CIHM Press Release

University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers are launching a new series of studies to understand how laboratory measures of virtuous qualities such as compassion relate to their behavior in the real world.

Dr. Richard J. Davidson, founder of the UW’s Center for Investigating Healthy Minds (CIHM), at the Waisman Center, has received a three-year, $1.7 million grant from the John Templeton Foundation to develop laboratory and real-world measures of virtuous qualities such as altruism and compassion.

This work builds on Davidson’s earlier work with the Waisman Lab for Brain Imaging and Behavior, which has used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to document changes in the brains of monks and other practitioners of meditation and related contemplative practices.

In this new series of studies, researchers will create both laboratory and real-world measurements to track changes in brain function and behavior.

“We will be tracking changes in the neural correlates of virtuous character traits such as compassion, kindness and altruism,” says Davidson, the Vilas Professor of psychology and psychiatry. “Then, we want to see if the changes we can see in the brain in the scanner are correlated with changes in everyday life.”

In one specific study, research participants will learn “compassion meditation” — which teaches them to visualize and wish for an end to the suffering of loved ones, strangers, themselves, and eventually, difficult people.

Then, researchers will track changes in their brains and in their everyday behavior to understand the extent to which measures of brain function predict real-world changes in these qualities.

To better understand whether this training extends into the real world, Davidson says researchers will send participants automated text messages and ask them what they are experiencing at that moment, or may try voice-activated MP3 recorders that would sample their voices at random points during the day.

“The people won’t know when the recorder is on,” he says. “We can learn something about the emotional climate of the situation by analyzing these vocal samples.”

In other experiments, they may test whether a person who has undergone the meditation training is more likely to sign up for an altruistic activity.

Davidson says CIHM will recruit upwards of 1,000 people to participate in this research.

The Templeton Foundation is well known for supporting scientific research into subjects such as compassion, gratitude and forgiveness. It also awards the annual Templeton Prize to honor a living person who has made exceptional contributions to affirming life’s spiritual dimension.